Archive for the NoveL Category

THE YOSHIOKA SCHOOL

Posted in NoveL on July 13, 2009 by asudarno007

[of the 8 Kyoto styles] in Kyoto, Japan

Takezō duels and kills 5 swordsmen (Takashina, Chihara, Nimura, Hasuzawa, Kaji) from the Yoshioka school before encountering the senior disciples

  • Yoshioka Kempō: A distinguished swordsman during the Sengoku period (1482-1558) and founder of the renowned Yoshioka school of sword-fighting. Yoshioka Kempō mastered the Kyohachi style of swordsmanship and then modified it to form the Yoshioka style. He became a military instructor to the Shogunate family. Defeated only by Shinmen Munisai. Titled “Unrivaled Throughout The Land.” Only won one bout against Shinmen Munisai while Munisai won the next consecutive two. In the context as presented by Takehiko Inoue’s Vagabond and Eiji Yoshikawas Musashi, both Yoshioka Seijūrō and Denshichirō are Kempō’s sons who are historically believed to have dueled with Miyamoto Musashi on numerous occasions. Continue reading

Miyamoto Musashi, the Protagonist

Posted in NoveL on July 13, 2009 by asudarno007

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Summary

Growing up in 17th century Sengeku era Japan, Shinmen Takezo is shunned by the local villagers as a devil child due to his wild and violent nature. Running away from home with a fellow boy at age 17, Takezo joins the Toyotomi army to fight the Tokugawa clan at the battle of Sekigahara. However, the Tokugawa win a crushing victory, leading to nearly three hundred years of Shogunate rule. Takezo and his friend manage to survive the battle, and afterwards swear to do great things with their lives. But after their paths separate, Takezo becomes a wanted criminal, and must change his name and his nature in order to escape an ignoble death. Based on the book “Musashi” by Eiji Yoshikawa, Vagabond is a fictional retelling of the life of Miyamoto Mushashi, often referred to as the “Sword Saint” – perhaps the most famous and successful of Japan’s sword fighters. Continue reading

Vagabon (manga-Musashi)

Posted in NoveL on July 2, 2009 by asudarno007

Vagabond (,Bagabondo) is an ongoing manga by Takehiko Inoue, portraying a fictionalized account of Miyamoto Musashi’s life, on a loose adaptation of Eiji Yoshikawa novel Musashi.

The manga has been serialized in Kodansha’s seinen Weekly Morning magazine since 1998 in Japan, with translations to English by VIZ Media. As of May 28, 2009, 30 tankobon volumes have been published in Japan, with 29 of them translated for the United States. Vagabond has, to this date, sold more than 22 million copies throughout the world.

Differences with the novel

While the differences in the manga compared to the novel are too numerous to list in full, here is a small selection of more important differences.

  • In the manga, Sasaki Kojirō is deaf, mute, and childlike in nature, as well as first being raised by Kanemaki Jisai, then Ito Ittosai and most recently with Hon’ami Koetsu and his mother, the latter who has chased women out from below his blanket multiple times. In the novel, Sasaki Kojirō is neither deaf nor mute. Though he still retains some traces of the childlike nature portrayed in the manga, he is very intelligent and cunning. Moreover, he is also much more violent, arrogant, and slanderous. Continue reading

Works Print in Japanese

Posted in NoveL on July 2, 2009 by asudarno007

The Japanese publisher Kodansha currently publishes an 80-volume series: Yoshikawa Eiji Rekishi Jidai Bunko, or Eiji Yoshikawa’s Historical Fiction in Paperback. Kodansha numbers the series from 1 to 80.

  • 1 – Kennan Jonan – Sword Trouble, Woman Trouble
  • 2 – 4 (in three volumes) – Naruto Hitcho – Secret Record of Naruto
  • 5 – 7 (in three volumes) – Edo Sangoku-shi – The Three Kingdoms of Edo
  • 8 – Kankan Mushi wa Utau – “Kan-kan the insect sings” and other stories
  • 9 – Rougoku no Hanayome – The Jail Bride
  • 10 – Matsu no Rohachi – Rohachi of the Pines
  • 11 – 13 (in three volumes) – Shinran
  • 14 – 21 (in eight volumes) – Miyamoto Musashi
  • 22 – 32 (in eleven volumes) – Shinsho Taiko ki – Paperback Life of the Taiko
  • 33 – 40 (in eight volumes) – Sangoku shi – Romance of the Three Kingdoms
  • 41 – 42 (in two volumes) – Minamoto Yoritomo
  • 43 – Uesugi Kenshin
  • 44 – Kuroda Yoshitaka
  • 45 – Oaka Echizen
  • 46 – Taira Maskado
  • 47 – 62 (in sixteen volumes) – (Shin Heike monogatari) – New Tale of the Heike
  • 63 – 70 (in eight volumes) - (Shihon Taihei ki) – Private Record of the Pacific War
  • 71 – 74 (in four volumes) – (Shin Suikoden) – New Tales from the Water Margin
  • 75 - (Jirokichi Goshi) – “Jirokichi Goshi” and other stories
  • 76 – (Yagyu Tsukikage sho) – “The Papers of Yagyu Tsukikage” and other stories
  • 77 – (Wasurenokori no ki) – Record of Things Left Unforgotten
  • 78 – 80 (in three volumes) – (Shinshu Tenma Kyo)

References

  • Yoshikawa Eiji (2006). In Encyclopædia Britannica. June 2006.

About Eiji Yoshikawa

Posted in NoveL on July 2, 2009 by asudarno007

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Eiji Yoshikawa was a Japanese historical novelist, probably one of the best and most famous authors in the genre. Among his most well-known novels, most are revisions of past works. He was mainly influenced by classics such as The Tale of the Heike, Tale of Genji, Outlaws of the Marsh, and Romance of the Three Kingdoms, many of which he retold later in his life. For instance, the original manuscript of Taiko is about 15 volumes, so Yoshikawa took up the job to retell it in close and accessible language. His other books also serve similar purposes and, although most of his novels aren’t original, he created a huge amount of work and renewed interest in the past. He was awarded the Cultural Order of Merit in 1960 (the highest award for a man of letters), the Order of the Sacred Treasure and the Mainichi Art Award just before his death of cancer in 1962. He is cited as one of the best historical novelists in Japan and even the world in general.

Reference : Biography.com

Eiji Yoshikawa

Posted in NoveL on July 2, 2009 by asudarno007

hakusa5Nama aslinya Hidetsugu Yoshikawa, lahir pada tahun 1892 di dekat Tokyo. Ia berasal dari keluarga samurai miskin. Kesulitan keuangan dalam keluarganya menyebabkan Yoshikawa terhenti sekolah di SD. Ia lalu bekerja macam-macam untuk bisa hidup, termasuk bekerja di galangan kapal.

Dialah yang menulis buku Musashi dan Taiko. Buku yang sangat melegenda, buku yang dapat dijadikan sumber inspirasi dan semangat hidup.

Usia 19 tahun ia pindah keTokyo dan mulai menulis senryu atau haiku lucu. Haiku ialah puisi pendek khas Jepang yang sangat indah. Sesudah dua tahun menjadi reporter di Maonichi Shimbun, ia memantapkan diri menjadi novelis profesional. Berbagai jenis novel ditulisnya : humor, thriller, roman. Tidak jarang ia menulis sekaligus tiga novel. Semuanya ditulis menggunakan nama samaran, sebelumnya akhirnya ia memutuskan memakai nama samaran Eiji. Sejak tahun 1930, terjadi perubahan pada gaya penulisannya. Ia mengekspresikan pandangan-pandangan zamannya dengan setting masa lampau atau sejarah. Selama perang dengan Cina, ia menulis laporan-laporan perjalanan. Dan sementara itu ia menyelesaikan terjemahan/adaptasi kisah populer Cina, Kisah tentang Tiga Kerajaan. Sampai saat meninggalkannya pada tahun 1962, Eiji Yoshikawa menjadi salah satu novelis terkenal dan paling disukai di Jepang.

Kutipan : Novel  “Musashi”

Pelukisan Jalan Pikiran Orang Jepang

Posted in NoveL on June 27, 2009 by asudarno007

musashi 1NOVEL ini untuk pertama kali tampil dalam bentuk serial di koran terkemuka Jepang, Asahi Shimbun, pada tahun 1953-1939. Tidak kurang dari 1.009 nomor urutan serial itu. Ini berarti pemuatan setiap hari selama tiga tahu lebih. Yang pernah dimuat sebagai cerita bersambung di harian Kompas dan kini diterbitkan sebagai buku ini bukan terjemahan asli dari bahasa Jepang, terjemahan dari versi Inggris yang tebalnya 970 halaman.

Kisah suskses novel ini memang suatu keajaiban tersendiri. Kisah yang ditulis dengan gaya yang dekat dengan gaya fiksi tradisional Jepang dan juga dekat dengan pikiran umum di sana ternyata sangat mengena. Tidak kurang dari 120 juta eksemplar buku ini terjual. Sudah tujuh kali kisah ini difilmkan dan tidak terhitung banyaknya dialihkan dalam  bentuk drama atau serial mini di televisi. Continue reading

Musashi Perusuh yang Mendapatkan Pencerahan

Posted in NoveL on June 27, 2009 by asudarno007

musashi_lrg

Miyamoto Musashi

Kisah yang ditulis oleh Hidetsugu ”Eiji” Yoshikawa ini menceritakan periode awal kehidupan Musashi hingga usia 28 atau 29 tahun. Sesudah ini, Musashi mengundurkan diri dari kehidupan ramai, dan kemudian menuliskan buku yang kini banyak digandrungi orang Amerika karena dianggap sebagai kunci pemahaman akan manusia dan manajemen Jepang. Continue reading

The Legend Of Musashi

Posted in NoveL on June 21, 2009 by asudarno007

Saya rasa, hampir semua pecinta beladiri, terutama beladiri Jepang, kenal dengan nama Musashi, sebagian besar mungkin membaca dari komik, menonton film, ataupun membaca novel Best Seller karya Yoshikawa Eiji.

musashiSalah satu “kelebihan” buku ini dibanding sumber-sumber yang selama ini kita tahu (tepatnya: apa yang saya tahu selama ini), adalah bahwa buku ini mengungkapkan fakta, yang mungkin jauh dari isi Novel Yoshikawa Eiji yang penuh dengan fiksi, ataupun komik-komik dan film-film yang pernah dibuat selama ini.

Buku ini mengungkap mulai dari masa kecil Musashi (yang pada masa kecilnya bernama Bennosuke), bagaimana dia bisa tinggal terpisah dari orang tuanya– terutama sang ayah; Munisai, teori-teori bagaimana dia bisa begitu kuat hingga bisa membunuh seorang Samurai dewasa ketika dia masih berumur 13 tahun, masa awal pengembaraannya- sebelum akhirnya terdampar di Sekigahara, dan lain sebagainya.

Kita juga bisa mengetahui bagaimana masa-masa Musashi ketika menginjak usia 30 ke atas, yang penuh dengan karya seni yang tidak dibayangkan bisa dihasilkan oleh seorang yang mencurahkan hidupnya untuk belajar ilmu pedang. Bagaimana dia bisa menjadi seorang pengatur taman, perancang kota, penulis syair, pelukis, dan juga pemain drama Noh yang begitu bercita rasa seni. Continue reading

Musashi Bukan Tokoh Fiktif

Posted in NoveL on June 20, 2009 by asudarno007

Musashi Bukan Tokoh Fiktif

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Musashi mungkin akan mengingatkan orang pada novel Shogun karya James Clavell yang filmnya juga telah beredar di sini. Ingitan ini tidak salah, mengingat saat berlangsungnya kedua kisah itu hampir bersamaan. Apalagi penerbit Kodansha International yang menerbitkan buku versi Inggris ini bersama Harper & Row pada tahun 1981 memang sedang dinaungi sukses besar novel Shogun, baik dalam bentuk buku maupun serial televisi. Musashi seakan merupakan jawaban Jepang terhadap Shogun dalam beberapa hal memang memanipulir sejarah. Continue reading

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